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Results and submissions

Introduction to the REF results

157 UK higher education institutions (HEIs) made submissions in 34 subject-based units of assessment (UOAs). The submissions were assessed by panels of experts, who produced an overall quality profile for each submission. Each overall quality profile shows the proportion of research activity judged by the panels to have met each of the four starred quality levels in steps of 1%.
Due to technical issues, the REF 2021 impact database is currently unavailable. We are working hard to resolve the issues as soon as possible. We apologise for any inconvenience caused.