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Results

Introduction to the REF results

157 UK higher education institutions (HEIs) made submissions in 34 subject-based units of assessment (UOAs). The submissions were assessed by panels of experts, who produced an overall quality profile for each submission. Each overall quality profile shows the proportion of research activity judged by the panels to have met each of the four starred quality levels in steps of 1%.

University of Central Lancashire

Unit of assessment 3: Allied Health Professions, Dentistry, Nursing and Pharmacy

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 83.25
% of eligible staff submitted : 20%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 21%
  • Three star: 58%
  • Two star: 21%
  • One star: 0%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 23.1%
  • Three star: 57.7%
  • Two star: 18.7%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.5%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 28.6%
  • Three star: 42.8%
  • Two star: 28.6%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 87.5%
  • Two star: 12.5%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 4: Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 30.00
% of eligible staff submitted : 60%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 20%
  • Three star: 40%
  • Two star: 39%
  • One star: 1%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 16.0%
  • Three star: 40.0%
  • Two star: 42.7%
  • One star: 1.3%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 33.3%
  • Three star: 33.4%
  • Two star: 33.3%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 12.5%
  • Three star: 50.0%
  • Two star: 37.5%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 9: Physics

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 19.32
% of eligible staff submitted : 80%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 25%
  • Three star: 65%
  • Two star: 9%
  • One star: 1%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 20.8%
  • Three star: 62.5%
  • Two star: 14.6%
  • One star: 2.1%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 50.0%
  • Three star: 50.0%
  • Two star: 0.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 100.0%
  • Two star: 0.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 10: Mathematical Sciences

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 4.00
% of eligible staff submitted : 60%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 6%
  • Three star: 46%
  • Two star: 21%
  • One star: 2%
  • Unclassiified: 25%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 10.0%
  • Three star: 70.0%
  • Two star: 20.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 0.0%
  • Two star: 0.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 100.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 25.0%
  • Two star: 62.5%
  • One star: 12.5%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 11: Computer Science and Informatics

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 14.00
% of eligible staff submitted : 55%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 6%
  • Three star: 47%
  • Two star: 38%
  • One star: 9%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 10.0%
  • Three star: 56.7%
  • Two star: 30.0%
  • One star: 3.3%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 50.0%
  • Two star: 50.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 0.0%
  • Two star: 50.0%
  • One star: 50.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 12: Engineering

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 48.60
% of eligible staff submitted : 45%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 6%
  • Three star: 68%
  • Two star: 24%
  • One star: 2%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 9.8%
  • Three star: 67.2%
  • Two star: 18.9%
  • One star: 4.1%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 75.0%
  • Two star: 25.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 62.5%
  • Two star: 37.5%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 15: Archaeology

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 7.00
% of eligible staff submitted : 75%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 23%
  • Three star: 39%
  • Two star: 38%
  • One star: 0%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 27.8%
  • Three star: 55.5%
  • Two star: 16.7%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 25.0%
  • Three star: 25.0%
  • Two star: 50.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 0.0%
  • Two star: 100.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 17: Business and Management Studies

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 17.00
% of eligible staff submitted : 15%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 18%
  • Three star: 41%
  • Two star: 31%
  • One star: 10%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 9.3%
  • Three star: 37.2%
  • Two star: 39.5%
  • One star: 14.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 50.0%
  • Three star: 50.0%
  • Two star: 0.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 37.5%
  • Two star: 50.0%
  • One star: 12.5%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 18: Law

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 12.80
% of eligible staff submitted : 20%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 6%
  • Three star: 29%
  • Two star: 58%
  • One star: 7%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 34.4%
  • Two star: 59.4%
  • One star: 6.2%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 25.0%
  • Three star: 25.0%
  • Two star: 50.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 12.5%
  • Two star: 62.5%
  • One star: 25.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 20: Social Work and Social Policy

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 27.20
% of eligible staff submitted : 45%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 41%
  • Three star: 42%
  • Two star: 16%
  • One star: 1%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 22.4%
  • Three star: 49.2%
  • Two star: 26.9%
  • One star: 1.5%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 66.7%
  • Three star: 33.3%
  • Two star: 0.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 75.0%
  • Three star: 25.0%
  • Two star: 0.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 24: Sport and Exercise Sciences, Leisure and Tourism

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 41.40
% of eligible staff submitted : 55%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 8%
  • Three star: 45%
  • Two star: 40%
  • One star: 6%
  • Unclassiified: 1%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 12.6%
  • Three star: 53.7%
  • Two star: 27.4%
  • One star: 5.2%
  • Unclassiified: 1.1%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 37.5%
  • Two star: 50.0%
  • One star: 12.5%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 25.0%
  • Two star: 75.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 25: Area Studies

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 13.00
% of eligible staff submitted : 85%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 20%
  • Three star: 47%
  • Two star: 28%
  • One star: 5%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 33.3%
  • Three star: 42.5%
  • Two star: 15.1%
  • One star: 9.1%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 50.0%
  • Two star: 50.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 62.5%
  • Two star: 37.5%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 26: Modern Languages and Linguistics

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 19.00
% of eligible staff submitted : 25%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 31%
  • Three star: 34%
  • Two star: 31%
  • One star: 4%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 14.9%
  • Three star: 29.8%
  • Two star: 48.9%
  • One star: 6.4%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 75.0%
  • Three star: 25.0%
  • Two star: 0.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 22.5%
  • Three star: 62.5%
  • Two star: 15.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 27: English Language and Literature

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 12.75
% of eligible staff submitted : 100%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 19%
  • Three star: 59%
  • Two star: 20%
  • One star: 2%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 18.8%
  • Three star: 43.7%
  • Two star: 34.4%
  • One star: 3.1%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 25.0%
  • Three star: 75.0%
  • Two star: 0.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 12.5%
  • Three star: 87.5%
  • Two star: 0.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 28: History

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 13.60
% of eligible staff submitted : 100%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 16%
  • Three star: 34%
  • Two star: 47%
  • One star: 3%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 5.9%
  • Three star: 44.1%
  • Two star: 47.1%
  • One star: 2.9%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 50.0%
  • Three star: 0.0%
  • Two star: 50.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 52.5%
  • Two star: 37.5%
  • One star: 10.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 30: Philosophy

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 7.80
% of eligible staff submitted : 100%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 22%
  • Three star: 21%
  • Two star: 46%
  • One star: 11%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 10.0%
  • Three star: 30.0%
  • Two star: 45.0%
  • One star: 15.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 50.0%
  • Three star: 0.0%
  • Two star: 50.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 20.0%
  • Three star: 25.0%
  • Two star: 40.0%
  • One star: 15.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 32: Art and Design: History, Practice and Theory

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 22.90
% of eligible staff submitted : 40%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 25%
  • Three star: 41%
  • Two star: 32%
  • One star: 2%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 21.1%
  • Three star: 33.3%
  • Two star: 42.1%
  • One star: 3.5%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 50.0%
  • Three star: 50.0%
  • Two star: 0.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 52.5%
  • Two star: 47.5%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 33: Music, Drama, Dance, Performing Arts, Film and Screen Studies

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 12.60
% of eligible staff submitted : 90%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 13%
  • Three star: 24%
  • Two star: 42%
  • One star: 21%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 34.4%
  • Two star: 43.7%
  • One star: 21.9%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 50.0%
  • Three star: 0.0%
  • Two star: 25.0%
  • One star: 25.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 25.0%
  • Two star: 65.0%
  • One star: 10.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%

Unit of assessment 34: Communication, Cultural and Media Studies, Library and Information Management

Total category A submitted staff FTE : 11.75
% of eligible staff submitted : 20%
Overall Profile
Overall Profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 23%
  • Three star: 35%
  • Two star: 34%
  • One star: 8%
  • Unclassiified: 0%
Outputs Profile
Outputs Profile

60% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 27.6%
  • Three star: 31.0%
  • Two star: 34.5%
  • One star: 6.9%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Impact Profile
Impact Profile

25% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 25.0%
  • Three star: 50.0%
  • Two star: 25.0%
  • One star: 0.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%
Environment Profile
Environment Profile

15% of overall profile

Percentage of submission meeting of the standard of:

  • Four star: 0.0%
  • Three star: 25.0%
  • Two star: 50.0%
  • One star: 25.0%
  • Unclassiified: 0.0%